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14.13.

. , , . , . . , . 9.7 , .

- . . , . , - . , , , , . , . ( ) [Langdon, Barnes, 1985].

. , . , . . /,

. 14.21. ,

[Cohen, Langdon, Friedman, 1982]. - (. 9.8), 1 [Barnes et al., 1983],

9.8 :

[Cohen, Langdon, Friedman, 1982]

:

:

- .

: . . . (8.22), (8.23) (3.5) (14.91), (14.92) (14.93), (14.94). - , , .

, , , . , , . [Denavit, 1981 Mason, 1981].

. , , , [Friedman, Langdon, Cohen, 1981]. [Barnes et al., 1983]. , [Langdon, Cohen, Friedman, 1983] , , .

, , . () , . : 1) () , 2) .

,

[Langdon, Cohen, Friedman, 1983; Barnes et al., 1983]. [Langdon, Cohen, Friedman, 1983] (8.22) [Langdon, Cohen, Friedman, 1983; Barnes et al., 1983].

. .

, 1/2; -, , , (14.91)

, , . .

, , (8.22),

(8.22) ,

(8.23),

(14.103)

, (14.103) -

,

( ), . . (14.107) , . , , , (14.107)

-

[Langdon, Cohen, Friedman 1983]. (14.108), (14.102).

(14.104) , - , [Langdon, Barnes, 1985].

. , , , , , (14.91) (14.92), . . (8.22) , . . ,

(14.112)

; ,

(14.107) [Langdon, Cohen, Friedman, 1983; Barnes et al., 1983]:

, , (14.95),

(14.116) (14.113)

, .

, (14.112). [ (14.113)]. , , .

- .

(14.113),

, . , .

[Langdon, Cohen, Friedman, 1983; Barnes et al., 1983]. , . .

(8.23) [Langdon, Barnes, 1985 9.7 ]. .

, , .

. . , , ; [Lindman, 1975].

[Langdon, Barnes, 1985] .

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